Alcohol poisoning is a serious outcome of drinking high amount of alcohol in short period of time. Consuming too much alcohol too quickly can be life-threatening, irrespective of the tolerance capacity, body weight, gender or age of the person. In case of of excessive drinking, body alcohol content (BAC) level keeps rising. Eventually, it becomes so high that it can also disturb body’s mental, physical, and emotional functions, and can even put life at risk. Alcohol poisoning can cause troubled breathing, irregular heartbeat, and other serious complications. A person suffering with alcohol poisoning requires immediate medical attention, therefore, it is important to avoid excessive alcohol consumption and be aware of the ill effects it can cause to the body, mentally and physically.
People show varied symptoms after drinking which get mild to worse with time. Common symptoms are:
Binge drinking is the most common cause of alcohol poisoning. Alcohol beverages contain the chemical ethyl alcohol or ethanol that is responsible for causing poisoning. Binge drinking increases the amount of ethanol in the bloodstream. The alcohol continues to be released from the stomach and intestine and the alcohol level keeps on rising even when the person is unconscious or has stopped alcohol consumption.
Every time when a person drinks alcohol, the liver has to filter out the alcohol from the blood. The human body can absorb alcohol much faster than it can absorb food. However, the liver can only process a limited quantity of alcohol. The body takes a lot of time to get rid of alcohol (excluding metabolized) that has been consumed. So more an individual drinks, the greater is the risk of alcohol poisoning that might result in various complications such as choking, seizures, severe dehydration, irregular heartbeat, hypothermia, brain dysfunction, etc.
Untreated and ignored cases of alcohol poisoning can be detrimental to that individual’s health. Untreated alcohol can lead to short and long-term side effects such as hypothermia, hypoglycemia, permanent brain damage, abnormal breathing, coma, and other diseases.
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