Teeth play an essential role in our life. They help in chewing and eating. They also help us to talk and speak fluently and they provide shape to our face. Teeth vary in shape and size, depending on where they are located in the mouth. Various teeth play different roles. Teeth make our smile healthier and give us confidence as well as influence our social lives. Hence, it is very important to give them every possible care.
Teeth are covered in a hard outer coating known as teeth enamel. A thin bacterial film known as plaque builds up every day on our teeth. These bacteria produce acids that can damage the enamel and cause cavities. If teeth are not cleaned well every day, plaque can lead to tooth decay and gum disease. If the plaque is not removed from the teeth, it turns into a hard deposit called tartar. Tartar and plaque irritate and inflame the gums. Bacteria and toxins can cause the gums to become infected, swollen, and tender.
Plaque and tartar can also lead to a variety of problems, such as:
To maintain healthy teeth and gums, one should follow specific steps:
Floss at least once in a day. Flossing removes plaque from between the teeth and on gums where toothbrush bristles can’t reach. Generally, dentists recommend flossing before brushing.
Brush twice in a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush. Many of us neglect to brush before going to bed. Brushing before bed prevents germs and plaque accumulation. Please keep in mind that plaque can also build up on your tongue. Use tongue cleaner every time you brush your teeth to get rid of plaque from your tongue.
Use fluoride toothpaste. Besides the whitening of teeth, there are more elements to look for when it comes to oral health. Fluoride helps strengthen tooth enamel and prevents tooth decay.
Replacement of toothbrush every 3 to 4 months. A worn-out toothbrush will not clean your teeth as well, ultimately leading to oral problems.
Eat healthily. People are less likely to get gum disease if they eat healthy food. Ready-to-eat foods are no doubt convenient, but not great for your teeth. Eating fresh and healthy food contains not only healthy fiber but also keeps the teeth healthy. Limit sweets and sweetened drinks. Sugar converts into acid inside the mouth. This may lead to cavities.
Avoid smoking. People who smoke have more teeth and gum problems than people who don’t.
Schedule regular check-ups with your dentist. Your everyday habits and lifestyle are crucial to your overall oral health. You should visit your dentist for cleanings and check-ups at least twice a year. Not only does a dentist removes calculus and look for cavities, but also spot potential oral issues and offer timely treatments.
Drink plenty of water. Water is the best beverage for our overall health―including our oral health. Drinking water after every meal help in washing out some of the adverse effects of acidic and sticky foods.
Mouthwash. Many people skip mouthwash because they don’t know how it works or the benefits. Studies suggest that mouthwash reduces the amount of acid in the mouth, cleans the areas where a brush can’t reach and re-mineralizes the teeth.
Gum diseases are usually painless, even though they damage the bones that support teeth. Gum disease or gingivitis will often show itself as red, swollen gums that bleed when an individual brush or cleans between the teeth. One must continue to clean regularly to avoid such diseases. If the bleeding does not go away within a few days, they should consult a dentist.
Call the dentist if cavity symptoms are seen and include:
Get timely treatment for gum disease. Visit your dentist if you have symptoms of gum disease that include:
Diagnostics and Pathology Tests Available At House of Diagnostics (HOD).
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